One comment Staffordshire Pottery Identification Using Backstamps The name of the pottery manufacturer and an approximation of date of manufacture can be discovered if the piece of pottery has a backstamp. There are way too many to list here as it would take a whole new website to list them all! The best reference book we have found is the Encyclopaedia of British Pottery and Porcelain Marks by Geoffrey A Godden and is probably the only book you will ever need. You can get a copy by clicking on the link below or alternatavely your local library will probably have a copy in their reference section. General clues to dates can be given by words which appear in the backstamp. Arms after have simple quartered shield, pre have an inescutcheon or extra shield in the centre.
These tips will help you understand a little better what the pros look at when they judge a piece of antique furniture. Following are some elements to look for that will help you better judge the age of a piece of wood. Saw Marks or Kerf Marks Pit Saw The marks left by this saw were irregular, uneven cuts made from strokes of the large saw used by two men. One man stood in a pit and the other man stood on top of the log above the pit sawing the log between them.
The men changing hand and body positions caused the irregular cuts. It was large, cumbersome and often far away from the house lot, therefore it was easier to use the pit saw rather than haul the logs to the mill and then haul the sawn lumber home.
The pit saw leaves marks on wood that look like this /////. The pit saw is a two-man powered saw used in America before to cut logs into boards. After , its major use was as a large jigsaw to shape knees, ribbing, and planking for ships.
Alfred Butts finalizes Criss-Cross Words. He sells about sets. Butts turns the game over to James Brunot. Brunot weeds out a few premium squares around the middle of the board; adds point bingo bonus; renames it Scrabble! Brunot makes a few hundred? Scrabble sets, mainly for promotional use. Brunot returns from vacation to find orders! Patent granted for star points around the premium squares.
Hasbro acquires assets of bankrupt Coleco. Milton Bradley division of Hasbro makes Scrabble.
References Menu for technology connoisseurs Angara Plus from Bratsk, Siberia, manufactures solid wood components for furniture production on a large scale. The company recently commissioned its second fully-automated production line. The Russian wood sector is characterized by complex requirements. Tailoring industrial systems requires partners who understand project business.
Feb 09, · Smooth beams were made after , ones where you can see the circular saw marks are between and , and wiggly wood surface (hand hewn) are earlier than dating a house by features. Wed Feb 05, am.
Source 3 Ways to Cut Timber Making accurate square 90 degree and mitered angled cuts in timber is an essential skill when making joints in furniture and in building construction. Even if you don’t attempt any serious DIY, the need sometimes arises to cut a length of timber reasonably accurately. For instance, architrave may need to be cut around a window or doorway, skirtboards baseboards at the base of a wall have to be renewed, or a board from the cladding on your home or shed gets damaged and must be replaced.
This hub shows you three methods to cut timber. If you find this article useful, please share it on Facebook or other social media using the easy share buttons. How to Cut Wood at an Angle? Mark and cut by eye. Not terribly accurate but ok if measurements and squareness isn’t critical Use a miter box.
What Causes Burn Marks on Wood Cut by a Table Saw?
Your guide to antique pottery marks, porcelain marks and china marks Dating Antique Clocks Tips to help you estimate the age and date of your antique clock. Dating Antique Clocks can be an exact science providing you have the right reference books and the proper experience. Like knowing when certain features were introduced or certain materials became available.
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Hidden within the kanji — the characters — on the bottom of the piece you will typically find the production region, a specific kiln location, a potter’s name, and sometimes a separate decorator’s identity. But, at times only generic terms were recorded, and tracking down more information requires expert advice. Consulting a china expert, a certified appraiser, or an antiques and collectible dealer in person may be your style, but you can also utilize the many available online resources, most of which have helpful photographs.
Consulting a Professional Contacting a china or antiques dealer can be the quickest way to identify your porcelain marks. Check the dealer’s website or make a preliminary phone call to determine their specialty. The dealer may want to charge a consultation fee, or he may let you know that he would like to sell your piece if you desire, depending upon his policy. A certified appraiser, another professional to seek out, may charge an appraisal fee, but their knowledge is worth it if your piece is at all valuable.
Alternately, most places of higher learning often yield free and trusted resources. Contact your local university’s language, arts or history department to see if someone can help decode the marks on your Japanese piece. Reaching out to a local artisans’ guild can also be a way to glean information. Using Online Resources At your own pace, you can sift through several images on websites providing information specifically about Japanese pottery and porcelain marks.
With many regions of production, as well as several centuries of workmanship, finding your exact mark may be hit or miss. It’s helpful to know certain small hints that can help point the way toward identification:
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Question from a Client David, I bought this very old Chinese tray with half the lacquer worn off. I want to preserve what is left and use it to work on. Can I paint or spray some kind of clear finish on it? You are our guru for surfaces on wood. All I know is textiles.
Straight saw marks also indicate an old piece. If the wood shows circular or arc-shaped marks, you can bet the furniture maker used a circular saw, which didn’t come into use until about
Wood-Mount Styles and Possible Associations to Date of Manufacture Some may have been reading my page on the trials and tribulations of trying to import a set of ebony wood-mounted Lawries with ivory bushes from the UK to Canada. The story is interesting in that we know fairly accurately the date of these pipes by their association with a pipe band that formed around ; the Victoria Street Pipe Band acquired their pipes, uniforms, and likely their drums as military surplus.
Knowing when these pipes were sold as surplus, i. Investigating these and similar pipes by Henderson got me thinking that there seems to be a number of styles of wood mounts. There appear to be many examples of early button-mounted pipes by various makers, particularly from Edinburgh but, generally-speaking, not so much by Henderson or Lawrie. Generally-speaking, to some extent, because Lawrie may have made two versions and Henderson, one.
Alasdair Gillies with his circa s chalice-topped button mount R. Henderson made a similar version but with catalin. Lawrie and Peter Henderson Ltd flat-combed, chalice top bass drones. And finally, the single example I could find of a second version of a Lawrie button-mounted pipe, which is also flat-combed. I post these with caution, as this pipe may be comprised of more than one set: Detail of possible second version of Lawrie button-mounted pipes, these ones flat-combed as well.
A possible second version of Lawrie button-mounted pipes, these ones flat-combed as well. OK, so now that we have this out of the way, we can say that the fuller-sized wood mounted pipes were really the most typical style made by Henderson and Lawrie.
How to get accurate cuts with a saw, every time
Measure and mark the parts of your project on the boards. Cut and rip the boards, roughing out the parts. Craftsmen refer to this as “busting down” rough lumber, and it relieves stresses in the wood. As the tree grows, it often buttresses itself against wind or gravity. Drying may create further stress.
Mimicking the Appearance of Circle-Sawn Lumber How to add “faux” saw marks to wood. May 5, Question Crank up the feed roll pressure, and the strips came out with “saw marks” embossed on the faces. It worked, but it was kind of rough on the feed roll bearings.
Helen Wood suffered a cut to her nose and severe bruising after being repeatedly kicked in the face and head by two women. In these pictures, taken directly after the attack, Miss Wood looks tearful and flushed and her clothes are torn. Helen Wood was left bloodied and bleeding by the attack on Sunday The mother-of-one was out with friends when a group in the crowded bar recognised her and began chanting ‘Rooney. As fellow drinkers laughed and joked, one of Miss Wood’s friends is understood to have asked them to stop.
But when the taunts continued Miss Wood, 24, went over herself and started remonstrating with them over their behaviour. A row then broke out which is believed to have resulted in the prostitute falling to the floor and being attacked. The mother-of-one refused to go to hospital after the assault despite her injuries An ambulance was called to Bolton’s Victoria Inn after it was reported Miss Wood was suffering ‘serious bleeding’ to her face but she refused to go to hospital.
Miss Wood also claims her mobile phone was stolen in the incident, at about A source told Mail Online: The fight broke out at the Victoria Inn, in Bolton, known to locals as ‘Fanny’s’ The fracas was caught on CCTV and detectives, who are treating the matter as assault, are reviewing the footage. Miss Wood hit headlines last year when it was alleged she and another prostitute, Jenny Thompson left , had a threesome with Rooney Miss Wood caused a furore last year when it was revealed she and fellow prostitute Jenny Thompson had sex with Rooney while his wife, Coleen, was pregnant with their son, Kai.
Earlier this year a world-famous married actor, who had sex with Miss Wood, was granted anonymity under a High Court injunction. Mr Justice King said:
How to Make New Wood Look Like Weathered Barn Board
Getting Started If you want to experience the landscape like a yogi, begin with an intention. Choose one element that you wish to engage with deeply. If you know ahead of time what that will be, take a guidebook with you. Perhaps you want to know better trees of a particular landscape. Look at the leaves to help you identify the particular species. Get to know their names, since familiarity creates possibilities for richer connections.
The back piece has vertical saw marks, the bottom has circular saw marks and the side has been planed smooth. Fig. 7 Glue applied during the making of this old drawer has protected the wood underneath which is lighter (A) than the unprotected wood surrounding it which has been darkened by age.
The stylistic techniques used to date formal furniture such as Chippendale and Hepplewhite simply does not work for American country and primitive furniture. Country furniture does have its styles based predominately on religion and region. The catholic French and the Irish built cupboards with bold moldings, cut out feet, raised panels and they painted their cupboards in bright colors. The puritan New England cabinetmakers built simple unadorned cupboards painted in drab colors.
The Shakers are well known for their simple but elegant furniture. Furniture built in the Midwest and the South is different from New England made pieces. The problem with using style to establish the construction date of country and primitive furniture is that regional styles remained unchanged for most of the 19th century. Unable to use style, dealers and collectors have turned to the telltale signs left on the furniture itself by tools and by construction methods.
This system is remarkably accurate to within a ten-year period. During the Industrial Revolution, the method of making nails, screws, hinges, latches, and of milling lumber changed often.
How To Turn New Wood Into Antique Beams
I filmed a how-to woodworking video so you can see the wood cutting process on a miter saw. But the wood cutting tips and tricks that I talk about in the video will work with any saw you use, once you learn what a kerf is. Start with a fresh edge in the wood Begin by making a fresh cut on one of your board ends. Look for staples in the end before you do this and remove them with needle-nose pliers or by wedging them out with a screwdriver.
How to measure for an accurate cut with your saw Now you use that fresh end as your starting point, and measure from there out to the length you want the board to be.
The saw marks on an old piece of lumber can give information about the type of mill that was used, but using the marks for dating the board needs to be done with great caution since periods in which different types of sawmills were used overlap by many decades in New England and elsewhere.
Don’t worry — your e-mail address is totally secure. I promise to use it only to send you Clock Collecting Tips. There are so many styles and types of clocks, made by so many clock makers and from so many countries, that I was totally lost. Over many years, I have learned a lot. I have concentrated on the American clock companies for my collection, so there is much for me to learn about clocks from outside the US.
The question I get most from the comment form on this web site is: Some people will see a clock at an antique store that would look good in a certain room of their house, and end up with it that way. However you might end up with your special clock, you probably would like to identify, date and generally learn more about it. This clock forum page may be able to help.
You can post your clock here for other visitors to see. If these visitors have knowledge of your clock, they can post comments about it here. Also, if I know anything about your clock, I will also post a comment for you.
Identifying Antique Furniture
Muhammad was born in Mecca and lived there for roughly the first 52 years of his life c. This period is generally divided into two phases, before and after declaring his prophetic visions. Ilkhanate period  Muhammad’s father, Abdullah , died almost six months before he was born. At the age of six, Muhammad lost his biological mother Amina to illness and became an orphan.
He then came under the care of his uncle Abu Talib , the new leader of the Banu Hashim. Muhammad consented to the marriage, which by all accounts was a happy one.
Part One. How old is my barn? Good question! Probably the most common question asked about barns, and yet one of the hardest ones to answer. Truth is, a good guess is probably the best you’re.
September 2, Accurate and precise marking out is always the first step in successful woodworking jobs. Low quality measuring and marking devices will very quickly lose their accuracy. Make sure you check your equipment frequently. If you suspect that any item is suspect in any way, put it aside or dispose of it completely. You owe it to yourself not to work with damaged kit. This should form a perfect 90 degree angle. Any variation on that renders it completely useless.
Units of Measurement When you are buying measuring or checking devices, always make sure what units are used on the scale. Although metrification of the woodworking trade has been underway for many years, there are no signs at all of the imperial system dying out. A metric rule will be marked in millimeters or centimeters, sometimes both. Imperial scales will be marked in feet and inches. The most useful rules have one scale on either side. Be sure to check out that they are accurate, though.